Winner of the 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on femtochemistry.
He is the Linus Pauling Chair Professor Chemistry and Professor of Physics at the California Institute of Technology.
Dr. Zewail has been nominated and will participate in President Barack Obama's Presidential Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST).
He received bachelor's degree and MS degree from the University of Alexandria before moving from Egypt to the United States to complete his PhD at the University of Pennsylvania . He completed a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of California, Berkeley.
Zewail's key work has been as the pioneer of femtochemistry—i.e. the study of chemical reactions across femtoseconds. Using a rapid ultrafast laser technique which allows the description of reactions on very short time scales - short enough to analyse transition states in selected chemical reactions.
Zewail was awarded a PHD. Honoris Causa by Lund University in Sweden in May 2003 and is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Cambridge University awarded him an Honorary Doctorate in Science in 2006.
In May 2008, Zewail received a PhD Honoris Causa from Complutense University of Madrid.
Worked with NASA to assist in the planning of scientific exploration of the Moon, including the selection of landing sites for the Apollo missions and the training of astronauts in lunar observations and photography.
Currently, El-Baz is Research Professor and Director of the Center for Remote Sensing at Boston University, Boston MA, U.S.A.
He is Adjunct Professor of Geology at the Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
He is also a member of the Board of Trustees of the Geological Society of America Foundation, Boulder, CO, and a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, Washington, DC.
Recognised by the UNESCO/ L'OREAL Women in Science Committee. Among the five distinguished laureates honoured for their work in the field of the material sciences -- selected from 71 nominees -- was Egypt's Karimat El-Sayed, thereby achieving a first for Arab women.
Accepting one of several fellowships, El-Sayed travelled to the UK in her 20's to pursue her PhD.
After finishing her PhD and returning back to her homeland, Dr. El-Sayed was appointed to the physics department of the science faculty of Ain Shams University.
Dr. El-Sayed undertook and published most of her work concerned with structures , micro structural properties and application of low concentrations of constituents in materials relevant to industrial metallurgy, and semi-conducting materials.
Mostafa El-Sayed was awarded the 2007 US National Medal of Science "for his seminal and creative contributions to our understanding of the electronic and optical properties of nano-materials and to their applications in nano-catalysis and nano-medicine, for his humanitarian efforts of exchange among countries and for his role in developing the scientific leadership of tomorrow."
Dr. Mostafa was also announced to be the recipient of the 2009 Ahmed Zewail prize in molecular sciences.
He is also known for the spectroscopy rule named after him, the El-Sayed rule
Julius Brown Chair and Regents’ Professor, Georgia Institute of Technology Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Due to his excellence in mathematics, the Egyptian Ministry of Education sent him to England where he obtained BSc ( Honors) from the University of Nottingham
He was the first Egyptian professor of applied mathematics, the Faculty of Science. He became dean of the faculty in 1936, at the age of 38.
He contributed to the development of the quantum theory as well as the theory of relativity and corresponded with Albert Einstein.
Published 25 original papers in distinguished scientific journals about the Quantum Theory, the Theory of Relativity, and the relation between radiation and matter.
He published around 12 scientific books about relativity and mathematics. His books, on the theory of relativity, were translated into English, French, German and Polish.
He Translated 10 books of Astronomy and Mathematics into Arabic. when Einstein visited Egypt, he specifically asked to meet Mousharafa, and it is said that this meeting developed onto Einstein's E=MC2 because of Mousharafa's extraordinary knowledge of quantum atoms, radiation, mecahnics, and dynamics
Egyptian nuclear scientist who held a doctorate in atomic radiation and worked to make the medical use of nuclear technology affordable to all.
She organized the Atomic Energy for Peace Conference and sponsored a call for setting an international conference under the banner "Atom for Peace".
Received a scholarship from the Fullbright Atomic Program in order to be acquainted with the modern research facilities at California University. In recognition of her pioneering nuclear research,
She was given permission to visit the secret US atomic facilities. The visit raised debate in the United States Academic and Scientific circles since Sameera was the first "alien" to have access to such facilities.
She turned down several offers that required her to live in the United States and to be granted the American citizenship saying "Egypt, my dear homeland, is waiting for me".
Sir Magdi studied at Cairo University and qualified as a doctor in 1957.
He reportedly said he decided to specialise in heart surgery after an aunt died of heart disease in her early 20s.
He moved to Britain in 1962, then taught at The University of Chicago. He became a consultant cardiothoracic surgeon at Harefield Hospital in 1973
He was involved in the first UK heart transplant in 1980, carried out the first UK live lobe lung transplant and went on to perform more transplants than any other surgeon in the world.
A 1980 patient Derrick Morris, was Europe's longest surviving heart transplant recipient until his death in July 2005.
Having retired from performing surgery for the National Health Service in 2001 at the age of 65, Sir Magdi continues to act as a high profile consultant and ambassador for the benefits of transplant surgery. He continues to operate on needy children through his charity, The Chain of Hope.
In 2006 he briefly came out of retirement to advise on a complicated procedure which required removing a transplant heart from a patient whose own heart had recovered. The patient's original heart had not been removed during transplant surgery nearly a decade earlier in the off chance it might recover.
In April 2007, it was reported that a British medical research team led by Sir Magdi had grown part of a human heart valve, from stem cells, a first
He is also notable for saving many lives by pioneering a technique for 'switching' the heart vessels of babies born with a congenital heart defect..